100 essay ideas higher reflective essays

I mention these simple and common forms of irregular and discordant excitation, to shew that from such causes the susceptible mind gets into the habit which may terminate in the more fixed and serious form of alternate states of irresistible excitement of the exhilirating and depressing passions, constituting insane cases, just as we find those of the alternate over-excitement of the kindly and benevolent affections; or, of the angry and malevolent passions terminate in corresponding states. Consequently, we must believe that “emotion recollected in tranquillity” is an inexact formula. This explanation of them is not entirely new. Beginning with the Ta Ki, we find its primary elements in the symbolic picture-writing of the North American Indians. Uniformly courteous? He was the best intellectual fencer of his day. {211} Some of the best of the ancient moralists seem to have considered those passions as divided into two different classes: first, into those which it requires a considerable exertion of self-command to restrain even for a single moment; and secondly, into those which it is easy to restrain for a single moment, or even for a short period of time; but which, by their continual and almost incessant solicitations, are, in the course of a life, very apt to mislead into great deviations. No one object or idea therefore ought to impel the mind for it’s own sake but as it is relative to other things, nor is a motive true or natural in reference to the human mind merely because it exists, unless we at the same time suppose it to be stronger than all others. There is more in it than meets the eye. MARY, DORSET _January 1, 1919_ FOOTNOTES: [1] Hume’s “Autobiography.” [2] This is the position of the Idealistic schools and is adopted in Professor Sorley’s recently published Gifford Lectures, “Moral Values and the Idea of God.” [3] This relationship may be expressed in psychological terms. The author distinctly rejects the idea of going above this standard, of trying to improve on social customs—for example, in the comic treatment of Alceste and of Arnolphe. A Whig lord appears to me as great an anomaly as a patriot king. Systems of positive law, therefore, though they deserve the greatest authority, as the records of the sentiments of mankind in different ages and nations, yet can never be regarded as accurate systems of the rules of natural justice. The only intimacy I never found to flinch or fade was a purely intellectual one. The time seems ripe, therefore, to bring the general principles of his philosophy to the knowledge of American scholars, as applied by himself to the analysis of American languages. In both the voices, the number of infinitives and participles is much smaller in the Latin than in the Greek. Those two qualities, which at first sight seem so nearly allied, do not always belong to the same person. Though this involuntary falsehood may frequently be no mark of any want of veracity, of any want of the most perfect love of truth, it is always in some degree a mark of want of judgment, of want of memory, of improper credulity, of some degree of precipitancy and rashness. ] [Illustration: FIG. The proper way to put it is that the school and the library have closely related educational functions, both employing largely the written records of previous attainment, but the school concentrating its influence on a short period of peculiar susceptibility, with the aid of enforced personal discipline and exposition, while the library works without such opportunities, but also freed from these limitations. All these are changing, despite efforts to pin them down. Cyrus Thomas, announced in 1882, in his _Study of the MS. * * * * * * * The keenest pangs of mortal woes, And Sorrow’s agonizing throes, The briny drops of Misery That overflow the mourning eye, When Hope has lost its faintest gleam, Will make the sweetest Eden seem A barren and unkindly waste. I only wish to define the sense of the general position as strictly as I can, and to guard if possible against any mistake arising from ambiguity of expression. He bit several, some seriously; and in one instance, he bit a piece completely out of the lip of another. Salts, sulphurs, and mercuries, acids and alkalis, are principles which can smooth things to those only who live about the furnace; but whose most common operations seem, to the bulk of mankind, as disjointed as any two events which the chemists would connect together by them. Indeed, this last result must necessarily follow, where there is an ambition to shine, without the effort to dig for jewels in the mine of truth. If it were possible, in the same manner, that a man could be born without the Sense of Touching, that of Seeing could never alone suggest to him the idea of Solidity, or enable him to form any notion of the external and resisting substance. The earliest efficient steps towards its abolition were taken in 1231 by the Emperor Frederic II. The Snake-Hill Coatepetl becomes the Aztec Olympus. To have done, is to hang Quite out of fashion, like a rusty mail, In monumental mockery. ???????), and consists in “some defect or ugliness which is not painful or destructive”.[65] Of an adequate theory of the subject there is here, of course, hardly a pretence. Such are the intermediate causes by which philosophers have endeavoured to connect the Sensation in our organs, with the distant bodies which excite them. Swinburne’s words must always be referred back to Swinburne himself. One characteristic of this savage jocosity is so frequently referred to by travellers that I cannot pass it by. H——, that to be a really excellent singer, a man must lay claim to one of two things; in the first place, sir, he must have a naturally fine ear for music, or secondly, an early education, exclusively devoted to that study. In the so-called “Comedy of Manners,” as illustrated in the English plays of the Restoration, we have undoubtedly to do with a very special trend of the comic spirit. I knew it not that thou hadst absent been, So full thy presence all my soul had left; By night, by day, in quiet or changing scene, ’Tis thee alone I see, sense of all else bereft. Among civilized nations, the virtues which are founded upon humanity, are more cultivated than those which are founded upon self-denial and the command of the passions. The author stands for much–the style, method of treatment, the fitness to print of what he has to say, the readableness of his book, and so on. Medi?val literature is full of legends showing the miraculous power of the Eucharist in bringing sinners to repentance and exposure, even without any special invocation; and the absolute belief in this fetishism, even by the irreligious, is fairly illustrated by the case of a dissolute priest of Zurich, in the fourteenth century. It seems to be incumbent on us, therefore, to try to make this drawing together of impulses which look so hostile a little more intelligible. It has been observed already, that proper benevolence is the most graceful and agreeable of all the affections, that it is recommended to us by a double sympathy, that as its tendency is necessarily beneficent, it is the proper object of gratitude and reward, and that upon all these accounts it appears to our natural sentiments to possess a merit superior to any other. The secondary were due to intelligent adaption; translated into habit, they gradually become automatic and “innate” in subsequent generations. Those, for example, who first invented the words _green_, _blue_, _red_, and the other names of colours, must have observed and compared together a great number of objects, must have remarked their resemblances and dissimilitudes in respect of the quality of colour, and must have arranged them, in their own minds, into different classes and assortments, according to those resemblances and {308} dissimilitudes. Thus when Chilperic I. Besides, are not general topics, rules, exceptions, endlessly bandied to and fro, and balanced one against the other by the most learned disputants? Moon of fogs (January). I only hint at these things at this time, for the purpose of showing that all these delicate, modified, conditional, and encouraging plans of superintendance are assisted by the arrangements I have described. Thus carefully moulded in conformity with the popular prejudices or convictions of every age and country, it may readily be imagined how large a part the judicial combat played in the affairs of daily life. Racine considered this atmosphere of distance a necessary device of stagecraft for the proper presentation of a hero. Still, the decline seems to be much more than any such artificial restraint would account for. Among the humiliations of life may be reckoned the discovery of an inability to go on laughing at the brilliant descriptions of a caricaturist, and an experience of aching exhaustion, of flabby collapse, while others continue the exhilarating chorus. The great object of their reformation, therefore, is to remove those obstructions; to reduce the authority of the nobility; to take away the privileges of cities and provinces, and to render both the greatest individuals and the greatest orders of the state, as incapable of opposing their commands, as the weakest and most insignificant. Ladislas of Hungary, in 1092, the stipend of 100 essay ideas higher reflective essays the officiating priest for the red-hot iron was double that which he received for the water ordeal;[1327] in Bohemia the laws of Otto Premizlas in 1229 give the priest a fee of fourteen deniers for the latter.[1328] How rigidly these rights were enforced is shown in a case related by Peter Cantor in the twelfth century. His inexperience and uncertainty with regard to every thing about them, how they came, how they are to go, what went before, what is to come after them, exasperate his sentiment into terror and consternation. An increase in the degree of pressure, a further prolongation of the stimulation, or even a slight variation in the mode of contact, may suffice to bring up and render prominent the opposed feeling-phase. It seems a pity that the observer did not take a “snapshot” at that grin so that it might be a shade less abstract and “in the air” than the grin of the Cheshire cat, as treated by Mr. Let us suppose the contrary of this to have happened, and that in the midst of domestic festivity and mirth, he had suddenly fallen down dead at her feet, is it likely that the effects would have been equally violent? The laughter tinged with something akin to sadness is a mixture of feeling-tones; of tones, too, which seem directly opposed and likely to be mutually repugnant. There is a demand for all the latest novels by Harold Bell Wright, Robert W. For such crimes, drowning was the punishment inflicted by the customs of the Franks, as soon as they had lost the respect for individual liberty of action which excluded personal punishments from their original code;[1027] and in addition to the general belief that the pure element refused to receive those who were tainted with crime, there was in this special class of cases a widely spread superstition that adepts in sorcery and magic lost their specific gravity. It would scarce be necessary to multiply instances, but I may mention a charter granted by Fulk Nera, Count of Anjou, about the year 1010, bestowing these rights on the abbey of Beaulieu in Touraine,[496] and one by the Emperor Henry III., in 1052, to the bishop and church of Volterra in Italy.[497] The first authentic evidence of the existence of the battle trial in Scotland is a charter of Alexander I. “The seemingly aimless and confused interminglings of primitive tribes sowed the seed for the flowers of speech and song which flourished in centuries long posterior.” The immediate causes of the improvement of a language through forcible admixture with another, are: that it is obliged to drop all unnecessary accessory elements in a proposition; that the relations of ideas must be expressed by conventional and not significant syllables; and that the limitations of thought imposed by the genius of the language are violently broken down, and the mind is thus given wider play for its faculties. Though in 1174 Louis VII. As a last example, we may instance the effect of the incongruous when it assumes a trifling aspect on a solemn occasion. These depressions are the well-known Aztec marks for numerals, and the rabbit represents one of the four astronomic signs by which they adjusted their chronologic cycle of fifty-two years. The infliction of stripes and of hideous mutilations is frequently directed in the Capitularies, and even torture and banishment for life are prescribed as a punishment for insulting bishops and priests in church.[1503] This apparent inconsistency is only a repetition of what we have seen in the Persian and Indian institutions, where torture was superfluous in the presence of other forms of proof, and in Greece and Rome where it makes its appearance in the absence of those forms. All the havoc, however, which this, perhaps the highest exertion of human vanity and impertinence, could occasion, would, probably, at no time, be very great. Although Bishop Thiel supplies a number of verbal forms from this dialect, the plan of their construction is not obvious. On the other hand, we find in them a great many classificatory particles. 2.—Though in a very torpid state, yet he has (as 116 every case has) his distinguishing peculiarities _Illustrated by a Portrait_ 116 Observation 2nd.—That mind is a garden which we must 116 cultivate—a fire which requires stirring and feeding Case No. A variety of this sort, however, I think, is not agreeable. Here is an instance. A very remarkable regulation, moreover, provided against false confessions extorted by torment. The ancestor of many a noble house has sat for the portraits of his youthful descendants; and still the soul of ‘Fairfax and the starry Vere,’ consecrated in Marvel’s verse, may be seen mantling in the suffused features of some young court-beauty of the present day. In making use to some extent of Hudson’s theory, I do so not because it is necessarily correct, for his hypothesis was, admittedly, to a certain extent provisional; but because it was the first 100 essay ideas higher reflective essays practical working hypothesis on which all psychic and hypnotic phenomena could be based, and because it has largely been used as a basis for subsequent elaborations. A waggish schoolmaster, too—and to the credit of the profession he is to be found—may, if he experiment in this direction, meet with nothing but disappointment. This is that of the “Trenton gravels,” New Jersey. Whatever love or reverence may be due to the one, is equally owing to the other. There are other authors whom I have never read, and yet whom I have frequently had a great desire to read, from some circumstance relating to them. It is a pleasure to mention the names of Thomas and Holden in the United States, of De Rosny, Aubin and de Charencey in France, of Forstemann, Seler and Schellhas in Germany, of Ramirez and Orozco in Mexico. But still there is some fault in having made them. we drew the line between it and the true enjoyment of the laughable as something “objective”. On the roadside between Winchester and Salisbury are some remains of old Roman encampments, with their double lines of circumvallation (now turned into pasturage for sheep), which answer exactly to the descriptions of this kind in C?sar’s Commentaries. But were it as well written as I could wish it, or as the Subject wou’d bear, and deserves; I see no reason why our Sex shou’d be robb’d of the Honour of it; Since there have been Women in all Ages, whose Writings might vie with those of the greatest Men, as the Present Age as well as past can testifie. Then all the Mexica chose Huitzilopochtli for their god, and paid honors to the Serpent-Hill by Tula as his birthplace.[116] An equally ancient and authentic myth makes Huitzilopochtli one of four brothers, born at one time of the uncreated, bi-sexual divinity, the God of our Life, Tonacatecutli, who looms dimly at the head of the Aztec Pantheon. By some writers they have been termed mud cliffs, from their dark colour and general appearance. There may be several critics in England who would applaud this notion; there are very few who show any evidence of its apprehension in their writings. If it has succeeded in adapting itself to local needs its reputation will be that of a valuable, helpful, well-disposed institution; if not, the neighbors will be hostile, or at least indifferent. But in fact he _imagines_ his continued approach to the fire till he falls into it; by his imagination he attributes to the fire a power to burn, he conceives of an ideal self endued with a power to feel, and by the force of imagination solely anticipates a repetition of the same sense of pain which he before felt. Yet Mrs. The first, for the New York Free Circulating Library, was made in 1896; the last, for the St. These various kinds and degrees of disagreement constitute the reason why these two particular sins of duplication and omission continue to be committed. He will certainly hear thee. in 1235.[1545] In 1252, however, when Innocent IV. In 100 essay ideas higher reflective essays some cases absolute confinement would rapidly make the patient’s state worse, and we must give either real or apparent liberty; a liberty which some would think imprudent. I said I thought it too clear. This tendency to assimilate the laugh and the smile as facial expressions was naturally supplemented by the employment, both in Greek and in Latin, of a separate word for audible laughter (“????????”, “cachinnare”) in cases where it was needful to emphasise the fact of sound. With respect to the wolf, the tiger, and other animals of the same species, it seems a question which of us should devour the other: this baulks our appetite by distracting our attention, and we have so little relish for being eaten ourselves, or for the fangs and teeth of these shocking animals, that it gives us a distaste for their whole bodies. If a good was to be done, let it—if a truth was to be told, let it! _The Codex Cortesianus._—This Codex, published at Paris, 1883, under the editorship of Professor Leon de Rosny, presents the closest analogy to the Codex Troano, of which, indeed, it probably formed a part. Habit is necessary to give power: but with the stimulus of novelty, the love of truth and nature ceases through indolence or insensibility. V.–_Of the Influence and Authority of the general Rules of Morality, and that they are justly regarded as the Laws of the Deity._ THE regard of those general rules of conduct, is what is properly called a sense of duty, a principle of the greatest consequence in human life, and the only principle by which the bulk of mankind are capable of directing their actions. But all this shall be more minutely detailed under the Essay, _Moral Treatment_; when I shall state the effects produced by always treating them as rational beings, and allowing them, in proportion as they conduct themselves more rationally, to have the privileges of, and as far as possible to associate with, those who are so.—The efforts which (in consequence of this principle being observed in all our conduct towards them,) they constantly and anxiously make to be considered rational, is an acquisition of prodigious moment and when we see they possess it, we may pronounce it an excellent symptom of the returning control of the will and understanding. Jonson has provided no creative stimulus for a very long time; consequently we must look back as far as Dryden—precisely, a poetic practitioner who learned from Jonson—before we find a living criticism of Jonson’s work. And it is in the end of no value to discuss Jonson’s theory and practice unless we recognize and seize this point of view, which escapes the formul?, and which is what makes his plays worth reading. But the books always came back to us on the next delivery. Thus, in the Danish laws of Waldemar II., to which the date of 1240 is generally assigned, there is a species of permanent jury, _sandemend_, as well as a temporary one, _nefninge_, and torture seems 100 essay ideas higher reflective essays to have formed no part of judicial proceedings.[1809] This code was in force until 1683, when that of Christiern V. There is no language, no description that can strictly come up to the truth and force of reality: all we have to do is to guide our descriptions and conclusions by the reality. When all those three different parts of our nature were in perfect concord with one another, when neither the irascible nor concupiscible passions ever aimed at any gratification which reason did not approve of, and when reason never commanded any thing, but what these of their own accord were willing to perform: this happy composure, this perfect and complete harmony of soul, constituted that virtue which in their language is expressed by a word which we commonly translate temperance, but which might more properly be translated good temper, or sobriety and moderation of mind. Others are merely teasing in character, and not positively harmful. We cannot isolate him from the environment in which we find him; it may be an environment which is or can be much universalized; nevertheless it, and the figure in it, consist of very many observed particular facts, the actual world. This same Alexander was made of sterner stuff, for when he was subsequently suspected of being privy to the murder of C. She is directed by this sole consideration, and pays little regard to the different degrees of merit and demerit, which they may seem to possess in the sentiments and passions of man. This is a very marked trait, recognized early by the missionary Eliot and others, and the omission of all reference to it by Zeisberger in his Grammar of the Lenape has been commented on as a serious oversight. Essay reflective essays ideas higher 100.